The Mangalitsa or Woolly Pig was found in Austria, Germany, Hungary, Romania and Switzerland.
The whole Mangalitsa breed was almost lost with the total population world-wide down to less than 150 sows in 1993. Thanks to the work of a small group of dedicated breeders, the Mangalitsa has been brought back from the verge of extinction. It is now farmed on large units in Hungary and has been exported to North America.
There are three distinct types within the breed : the Blonde, the Red and the unique Swallow Bellied with its white underline. All three types are very hardy. The Swallow bellied Mangalitsa was developed in the 1800’s from crossing the Blonde with the Black Mangalitsa. Unfortunately the Black pig became extinct in the 1970’s with the last known herd on the Serb islands in the Danube.
They are a fairly primitive breed, lively and friendly, with strong maternal instincts. Litter sizes are currently not large, averaging about 6.
The Mangalitsa is an unusual, very attractive breed, and has a serious contribution to make it a special food product.